- Jayson Blair: “an American journalist formerly with The New York Times. He resigned from the newspaper in May 2003 in the wake of the discovery of plagiarism and fabrication in his stories.” The entry lists 7 cases of falsifying information about interviews he conducted and places visited from late 2002 to early 2003.
- Janet Cooke: “a former American journalist. She won a Pulitzer Prize in 1981 for an article written for The Washington Post, but the story was later discovered to have been fabricated.” She is the only person to have returned a Pulitzer.
- Stephen Glass: “Over a three-year period [in the 1990s] as a young rising star at The New Republic, Glass invented quotations, sources, and events in articles he wrote for that magazine and others.”
- James Frey: “His two first books, A Million Little Pieces (2003) and My Friend Leonard (2005), were marketed as memoirs, but large parts of the stories were later found to be exaggerated or fabricated.” First released as brutally honest nonfiction, later editions included a note from the author and publisher apologizing.
- Dan Rather: “became embroiled in controversy about a disputed news report involving President George W. Bush's Vietnam-era service in the National Guard and subsequently left CBS Evening News in 2005, and he left the network altogether after 43 years in 2006.” His report relied on documents that “could not be authenticated.”
A widely-reported posting on Buzz Feed News a few days ago said that by the end of the presidential campaign, there were more engagements (shares, comments, likes, etc.) of fake news than of mainstream news. Some fake news was obviously made up, but the interest in spreading it outweighed the responsibility to get it right. (Not that most mainstream news was without an agenda.)
It used to be a common joke to say, "It must be true, I read it on the Internet." It was well understood that the Internet was not reliable. Today people get their news from Facebook, other social media and comedy shows, take it at face value and pass it along - scary!